1. Early science instruction that begins in kindergarten
2. Relevant curriculum that addresses girls' interests and provides many opportunities for investigation and tinkering
3. Inclusive language and interactions
4. Greater emphasis on computer as a tool
5. Greater emphasis on physical science
6. Integration of all practices of science, especially reading and writing
7. Attention to how groups are formed
8. Activities that build self-efficacy
9. Appropriate role models
10. Voiced and unvoiced messages that science is for everyone
Professor Baker stressed that you can only focus on one to two at a time, don't try to focus on all of them at once. The one that I found the most important to me was #9. Many people, myself included, imagine a scientist to look like this.
picture from iClipart for School
As teachers we can break this stereotype by bringing in female professionals, grad students, or other females in the science field. We can also put an equal amount of male and female posters up. When girls don’t see people in science that look like they do, they assume that science isn’t for them. Provide positive messages about girls specific competence in science. Create an environment where risk taking is encouraged and some failure expected for every student.